The principle of treatment in Ayurveda focuses on bringing back the normalcy of functions of systems by various methods. The method is a process of changing the condition through different steps and there by establish the equilibrium of doshas (humours). In fact treatment is directed to perform a well-planned re-arrangement in the subtle plane according to Ayurveda.
Treatments includes various types of therapies like medicated oil massage, preventive aspects like daily and seasonal regimens, curative /curative purification process using herbal preparations like juice of wet herbs, herbal pastes (kalka), kashayams (herbal decotions) medicated oils, medicated butter and ghee preparation, Arishtams (fermented preparations) etc.
Among the various therapies, Panchakarma (purification therapy) is the specialty of Ayurveda treatments that consists of Snehana (oleation), Swedana (sudation), Vamana (inducing emesis), Virechana (inducing purgation), Nasya (medication through nostrils), Kashaya Vasti (enema using medicated decoction) and Snehavasti (enema using medicated oils). These treatments help cleanse the systems to maintain perfect health. The inconsistency developed and lodged in Dhatus (tissue spaces) due to the vitiation of doshas (humours) gets eliminated by the panchakarma therapy.
Ayrvedic pharmacology is based on a sophisticated indigenous knowledge category called
"DRAVYAGUNA SASTRA" consisting of the study of a drug in relation to its Rasa (tastes), Guna (properties), Veerya (potency), Vipaka (biotransformation) and Prabhava (special therapeutic action).
Ayurveda takes into serious consideration the Prakruti (body constitution- see chart), Agni (digestive fire), Ahara (food habits), Ritu (seasonal changes) etc. while selecting the drug and therapy for the particular disease. Ayurvedic pharmacology considers the overall systemic effect of any plant in terns of its effect on physiological balance (equilibrium of doshas), body tissues (dhatus) and the excretory system (malas).
Ayurvedic treatment focuses on rebalancing the doshas. On your first visit, the practitioner will take a detailed medical history, check your pulse, palpate your abdomen, examine your tongue, eyes, nails, and skin, and listen to the tone of your voice. He or she will also ask you questions about your general state of health with special focus on your lifestyle, diet, habits, and environmental surroundings. Based on this assessment, he or she will then make recommendations on how to restore your natural dosha balance, which almost always includes changes in lifestyle, particular diet.
The frequency and duration of Ayurvedic treatments vary widely. Many aspects of Ayurvedic practice, such as dietary choices and yoga, can be self-administered on a regular basis or as needed. Typical measures may include massage with warm sesame oil; avoidance of certain types of foods (based on flavor, not nutritional content) and emphasis on others; breathing exercises, such as breathing alternately through one nostril and then the other; and herbal saunas or enemas to "detoxify" the body. A comprehensive program of treatments, called panchakarma, aims at overall "purification" and rejuvenation, and may be offered at some Ayurvedic clinics, centers, or spas.
Division of Treatments
- Kayachikitsa (Internal Medicine)
- Shalya chikitsa (Surgery Bala chikitsa- (Pediatrics)
- Graha chikitsa- Bhoot Vidya (Psychiatry)
- Urdhvanga chikitsa-Treatment of eyes, ears, nose, throat and head
- Shalya chikitsa
- Damstra chikitsa- agad tantra or (Toxicology)
- Jara chikitsa-Rasayana (Gerentorology)
- Vrishya chikitsa (vajikarana) (Aphrodisiacs)
Kaya means the living human body, which includes body and mind both. It includes both, the visible body as well as the subtle body. In Kayachikitsa that is medicinal branch includes all the diseases situated in the body like fever, etc
Shalya chikitsa (Surgery Bala chikitsa- (Pediatrics)
Bala-chikitsa is that branch of Ayurveda, which deals with children. The diseases suffered by children and the treatment given for curing is Bala-chikitsa.
Graha chikitsa (bhoot-vidya) is that branch or subdivision of Ayurveda and mainly deals with the management of psychological disorders of human beings produced as a result of invasion by some evil spirits
Urdhvanga means the organs situated above the neck and the treatment of eyes, ears, nose, throat and head is Urdhvanga chikitsa or shalakya.
Shalya chikitsa is the branch of ancient Indian surgery that describes in detail about the pre-operative procedures, general procedures, post-operative procedures, marmas (vital points) and also about anesthesia. The description of the types of bandages, shastra (sharp instruments), yantras (blunt instruments), and sutures (stitches) has been described in this surgery.
Damstra chikitsa toxicology or agad tantra is the branch including the science of poisons.
Jara chikitsa rasayana or the rejuvenating therapy is the therapy, which, promotes rejuvenation in a healthy person and cures the disease of a diseased person.
Vrishya chikitsa(vajikarana) or (Aphrodisiacs) is the branch of ayurvedic treatment, which includes drugs that are mainly used for improving fertility. They serve as good aphrodisiacs and induce an immediate sense of pleasurable excitement, along with increased fertile seminal secretions even in an ageing person. These drugs also increase the strength and stamina of the person. All this is included in Vrishya chikitsa .