[ Abhyanga | Vishesh | Panchkarma | Udvartana | Garshan | Pizzichilli | Shirodhara | Swedna | Nasya | Netra Tarpana | Ksheeradhara | NijavaraKizhi | Sirovasthi | Sarvangadhara | Taila Dhara | Vasti | Kati Basti | Marma Therapy | Raindrop and Vitaflex Therapy | Shamana-Balancing Therapy | Shodhana-Balancing Therapy | Rejuvenation Therapy | Ayurveda Massage Therapy ]
Abhyanga is a wonderful Ayurveda therapy consisting of a full head and body massage administered by two technicians working in complete harmony and lasting for up to one hour. Aromatic herbal oils are lovingly applied to the body in a continuous flowing sequence.
The depth and speed varies according to your Ayurveda body-type. A synchronized full body massage performed by two therapists using specific herbal oils prescribed according to the body type. Improves eyesight, promotes sleep and gives a glow to the skin.
Vishesh is an invigorating Ayurveda sports-type massage, with firm, kneading actions to help promote the release of deep-seated imbalances, toxins and impurities. It is especially helpful for soothing sore, tired or aching muscles.
This five-fold purification therapy aims at correcting the imbalance of the bodys Doshas or bio energies (Vata, Pitta and Kapha) in order to maintain their inherent equilibrium and Ama, which forms as a result.
Panchakarma therapy has three main stages : Poorvakarma, Pradhanakarma and Paschatkarma.
Poorvakarma, the first stage, comprises essential preliminary procedures for preparing the body to unload stored toxins. The treatments help to loosen Ama (toxins) and move it out to the deep structures into the gastro-intestinal tract, where Panchakarmas cleaning therapies can then eliminate it.
Pradhanakarma is the second stage and includes the main cleansing therapies. Paschatkarma is the final stage and describes the measures employed after the main treatment, such as diet, medicines and daily routine.
- Panchakarma - Purva karma
There are two main things required by purva karma, namely
The literal meaning of this term is to make smooth or to oleate. It is the main purva karma procedure and is a specific treatment for vatic disorders.
Example: oily preparations, ghee, oils, fats etc.
Following are the indications of snehana:
- Sexual exhaustion
- Dryness of the body
- Snehana is also given to the patients of vimana and virecana.
The procedure followed involves the administration of oily preparations within fifteen to thirty minutes after sunrise. The quantity, duration and the type of preparation is pre decided and certain dietary restrictions are prerequisite. Warm, well-regulated liquid diet is preferred but one with stickiness or oleaginous is incompatible.
The following signs will indicate the effectiveness of the remedy
- Accelerated digestive power
- Intolerance to fat
- Loose motions
- Lightness of the body
- Smoothness of the body
- Passage of flatus
- Visible fat in the stool
After the treatment patients are advised to abstain from sexual activities, to use of warm water; sleeping only at night; avoiding anger, anxiety or loud talk.
This refers to the remedy that involves practices involving heat to make the patient sweat.
Following are the conditions for which swedana is given to patients
On the second day of swedana, vamana is given and virecana after three days` interval. In case there is a need to give basti, nasya, rakta mokasana to the patients then they are given immediately after swedana.
The following signs prove the effectiveness of the therapy
- Disappearance of corrhyza
- Relief from pain and stiffness
- Remission of the disease
After the remedy the patients are advised to avoid cold water and take a nap after a light meal.
- Panchakarma - Pradhan Karma
This term literally means to expel the vitiated doshas through the oral route and is the pradhan karma of the panchakarma therapy. Vamana or the expelled material may consist of undigested food, kapha, and pitta.
Vamana karma is a specific therapy for kaphaja disorders and following are the indications of vamana
- Nasal discharge
- Acute fever
- Sore throat
A variety of vamana drugs are used induce purva karma before vamana as they are suitable in mobilizing the doshas.
Following indicates the effectiveness of vaman
- Maximum elimination of doshas with minimal dose
- Minimization of the disease
- Absence of complications
- Pleasant taste smells and colors
After vamana the loud speech, overeating, continued sitting, too much walking, anger, anxiety, coitus, retention of natural urges should be avoided.
Literally meaning the expulsion of doshas through the anal passage, virechana is the specific therapy for pitta dosha disorders. Under the panchkarma therapy virechana karma is the next pradhan karma.
Virechana expels pitta from the amashaya (stomach and upper part of the small intestine) and is neither stressful nor painful and is the easiest procedure, usually unaccompanied by any complication.
Following are the indications for virechana
- Skin diseases
- Splenetic disorders
- Abdominal swellings
- Jaundice gout
- Gastrointestinal disorders
After virechana karma it is advisable to the patient to take plenty of rest and light diet.
The term basti has been derived from the fact that the Basti yantra (apparatus) used for introducing medicated materials is made up of Basti or animals` urinary bladder. Basti is among the major panchkarma procedures and is used to cure vatic disorders.
This remedy is applied to restore the balance of the doshas and has the following effects also
- Increases weight in emaciated people
- Decreases weight in the obese
- Improves vision
- Prevents aging
- Brings back luster and strength
- For health and longevity
The Basti procedure that is applied through the anus may be Niruha basti. That consists of the use of decoction of appropriate drugs.
Following are the indications for Niruha Basti
- Retention of flatus
- Retention of urine
- Retention of stools
- Loss of strength
- Dosha deficiency
- Splenetic diseases
- Abdominal swelling and pain
In which oily substances are used.
Following are the indications for Anuvasana basti
- Increased appetite
- Increase of vata dosha
Following indicates the effectiveness of Adequate basti
- Proper passage of wind and urine
- Proper balance of doshas
- Feeling of lightness in the body
- Pleasant feeling
- Increased appetite and strength
After the remedy of basti the patient must take light diet along with the following activities that are to be avoided after basti, such as
- Sitting for a long duration
- Standing for it long duration
- Excessive talking
- Sleeping during the day
- Sexual relationship
Also known as nasaya it is generally the last step in pradhanakarma of the panchkarma therapy. This refers to the applications of medicines or medicated oils administered through the nasal passage spread throughout the head-and its constituent parts and influence all the doshas and the diseases situated in these parts.
It is referred to as the best and the most specific procedure for diseases related to head (shiro- roga).
Nasya karma prevents the diseases of the eyes, ears, throat, oral cavity and improves the speech, delays aging; and bestows a pleasant oral smell.
Following are the indications for the use of shirovirechana
- Stiff neck stiff jaw
- Chronic corrhyza
- Shoulder ache
- Hoarseness of voice
- Alteration of voice
Following are the four types of nasya procedures that can be administered
- Navana nasya
It refers to the instilling of the drops of medicated oil in the nose.
- Auapida nasya
It refers to the instilling of the juice (extract) of a drug through the nasal passages.
- Dhamapana nasya and Pradhdmana nasya
It refers to the inhalation of fine powder (if drugs in the nasal passages with the help of a nadi-yantra. In Dhumanasya medicated fumes are inhaled through the nasal passages and are eliminated through the oral route.
During the nasya procedure, the head should not be excessively flexed or bent, and the patient should be supine.
The patient must avoid following things
- Clearing his throat
Following indicates the effectiveness of adequate nasya
- Lightness of the body
- Good sleep
- Lightness of the head
- Feeling of pleasure
After the remedy of nasya the patient should avoid cold water, oil, ghee, alcohol, head bath and inhalation of dust and fumes.
Udvartana is a massage using a course herbal paste to enliven and energise the body. It helps promote better digestion, healthier skin, firmer muscle tone, increased circulation and a breakdown of cellulite. It is strongly recommended for those wishing to loose weight .
Garshan is a unique Ayurveda therapy utilising raw silk gloves to massage the body. The friction and static electricity created refreshes and stimulates the skin, promoting better circulation and a breakdown of fatty deposits and cellulite.
Pizzichilli or Royal Treatment is the ultimate therapy for relaxing mind and body with a constant flow of warm oil slowly and gently applied to the body by two technicians working in complete harmony. This treatment mildly heats the skin and draws impurities to the surface leaving you feeling peaceful, calm and relaxed.
A specialised treatment involving squeezing a cloth soaked in oil over the body. During this treatment, the patient is made to sit on the droni and then medicated oils are administered over the body and the head. Four therapists, two on either side of the patient aid in this process, especially if Dhara treatment is undertaken simultaneously.
A cloth is tied over the patients forehead to prevent the oil from getting into the eyes. The warm medicated oil is then poured in a continually flowing single stream, squeezing a clean cloth dipped in oil over the body. The treatment starts and ends with the patient in a sitting position. In the duration in between, the patient is made to lie flat.
As is the case with Dhara, the duration and bathing process varies with each patient. Pizhichil oil therapy helps alleviate skeletal and muscular diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, lumbago, sciatica, hemiplegia, neuropathy, and more. It is very important to note however, that because Ayurveda is tailor-made to suit each individual and the typical ailment, certain treatments might not be administered to him, as per doctor`s orders.
A treatment where the patient is made to lie on a special wooden bed (droni) after which, the medicated oil/milk/buttermilk are poured in a prescribed continuous stream on the head by the therapist, who is also assisted by two other therapists. For the oil application on the head, a wide mouthed earthen vessel with a hole at the bottom is hung about two inches from the patients forehead. A thread hangs forth from the hole along which the oil flows.
The prescribed liquid is then poured into the vessel and on the upper forehead in a steady stream. The liquid drippings are collected and the oil is poured back into the vessel. The patient is then given a warm water bath or toweled off. This treatment continues depending on the severity of each case, in order to alleviate fatigue, improve memory, restore equilibrium and is also effective in cases involving insomnia, migraine, ear nose diseases, spondilitis and paraplegia
Shirodhara is an amazingly relaxing therapy which gently releases stress and tension from the mind and body; it usually accompanies Abhyanga or Vishesh. A steady stream of warm, aromatic oil flows rhythmically across the forehead calming the mind and soothing the nervous system. It induces feelings of profound peace and happiness.
Swedana is a herbal steam treatment allowing the body to perspire and release impurities from the skin. It is excellent for helping soothe painful, sore or aching muscles and joints and for improving the complexion.
This is an Ayurvedic therapy to help alleviate problems of excess mucus and blocked sinuses. An invigorating head massage is followed by a herbal steam inhalation and the application of hot towels. Herbal nasal drops are then administered to loosen, melt and release mucus form the sinus passages.
This is pouring of medicated warm milk to the whole body for 45- 60 minutes.
This is massage with linen bags containing cooked njavara rice soaked continuously in a mixture of milk and decoction for 45 - 60 minutes.
A feather cap is kept on the scalp containing luke-warm oil for 45-60 minutes.
This is pouring medicated luke-warm oil all over the body for 45-60 minutes.
This is pouring medicated luke-warm oil on the fore-head and scalp for 45-60 minutes.
This is application of enema with decoctions and medicated oil.
Netra Tarpana is a treatment during which the eyes are bathed in a cooling liquid to help soothe and relieve soreness and tiredness and while gently removing toxins and impurities.
Kati Basti uses warm sesame oil to help alleviate stress, pain or swelling in the lower back. A full-body massage and an application of hot towels generally precede it.
Marma Therapy is a blissful healing session to help balance the body`s energy points or `Marmas`. It helps resolve emotional imbalances resulting in increased clarity, strength, calmness, confidence and feelings of self-worth.
Raindrop & Vitaflex Therapy
Raindrop & Vitaflex Therapy are specialist aromatic oil treatments using very pure, clinic-grade essential oils from Young Living. Their oils are grown, picked, distilled and bottled under the strictest criteria ensuring optimum therapeutic value - they are AFNOR and ISO certified.
Shamana- Balancing Therapy
Literally the word Shamana means to suppress or balance. Incase the doshas are not deep rooted and the disease is not chronic these therapies are advised. On the other hand the elimination therapy is time taking and time is an important factor for curing ailments in this modern age. In Shamana therapies a special diet, contradictory to the qualities of the increased dosha is prescribed to the patient for suppressing or balancing the aggravated doshas.
Example: Cooling diet to decrease the Pitta dosha.
Different types of herbal powders, tablets, decoctions, jams, medicated oil or ghee are used in this type of treatment. It is a noticeable factor that in shamana therapies medicines are not always the way to cure but sometimes a very simple diet, or an activity can help to alleviate the aggravated dosha.
This type of therapy involves following types of activities to cure the ailment
- Exposure to sun or air
Shodhana- Balancing Therapy
When the diseases are chronic it is difficult to treat through the balancing methods of shaman therapy as it takes a lot of time. Here comes the role of the elimination therapy that takes less time and cure the diseases in which the doshas are situated at a much deeper level. Shodhana therapies expel the aggravated doshas from the body by the use of different types of elimination therapies called the PanchaKarma.
It involves the use of the following five types of cleansing techniques
- Vamana- emetic therapy (supervised vomiting)
- Virechana- laxatives
- Vasti- herbal enema
- Nasya- nasal administration
- Rakta Mokshana - blood letting
Some preparatory treatments are first induced in order to soften the dosha and move it to either the stomach or the intestine from where the dosha is eliminated using the above-mentioned techniques. Shodhana is also used as a preventive treatment to gain positive health.
Rejuvenation Therapy(Rasayana Chikitsa)
This treatment includes body massage with hand and foot by two therapists with medicated oil and cream internal rejuvenative medicines and medicated steam bath. This therapy is for 90 minutes to 2 hour per day for 7 to 14 days. This therapy is to rejuvenate mind, body and soul, to tone up skin, to strengthen all systems so as to achieve ideal health and longevity. Increases `Ojas` (primary vitality) and improves `Sattva` (mental clarity) and thereby increases the resistance of the body. Includes head and face massage with medicated oils and creams, body massage with herbal oil or powder by hand and foot, internal rejuvenative medicines and medicated steam bath. Herbal baths are also use.
Ayurveda Massage Therapy
Ayurveda is a practice that originated in India several thousand years ago. The practice involves balancing the three life energy forces: vata, pitta, and kapha. Vata is the energy of movement; pitta, the energy of digestion; and kapha is the energy of structure. These energy forms are made up of the componenets and combinations of the five great elements: Space, Fire, Water, Air and Earth.
Ayurvedic massage incorporates the knowledge of ayurveda and uses warm oils and herbs along the specific energy points to help restore balance to the body. Massage strokes, oils and herbs are selected based on a clients specific needs; hence, each treatment is highly customized. Benefits of ayurvedic massage include vitality, stress reduction, and relaxation. Proponents of ayurveda also report a renewed sense of spiritual connection and inner peace.
Ayurvedic massage therapy does not generally provide a complete therapeutic cure, it does help the organism to receive nutrient material from within the body and to expel toxins.Certain ailments related to the muscles, ligaments and nervous system can be completely healed through good ayurvedic massage therapy. In diseases caused by deranged massage therapy can also be the only remedy. In diseases caused by deranged ayurvedic massage therapy compliments other healing methods.
In ayurvedic massage therapy, the practisioner mostly works with the knowledge of the marmas or indian pressure points. Ayurvedic massage therapy is an ideal remedy for pain.
Pain here indicates
A : Tension and infection of the gums and teeth.
B : Overacidity (pain of the eyeball)
C : Gastritis (pain of the eye socket)
D : Inflammation of the stomach
E : Ulcers
F : Disorders of the intestines
G : Disorders of the fallopian tubes
H : Kidney disorders
I : Disorders of urinary tract.
J : Neuralgia.
K : Formation of cataract.
L : Disorders of the brain and the spinal nerves.
Ayurvedic massage therapy on these areas can at the least help the rest of the medical treatment to succeed.Ayurvedic massage therapy can be a real can in case of arthritis, rheumatism, neurasthenia, high or low blood pressure, sciatica, paralysis, polio and insomnia. In all these cases, the massage practisioner should however also prescribe specific medication, changes in daily habits, excercises, etc.